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Nov 14, 2016

Where do I Start to Learn about Veterans

Where do I Start to Learn about Veterans? 10 Books to Develop an Understanding about Combat Veterans

As both a combat veteran and a mental health counselor, I often talk to other mental health professionals and community members who are not veterans about the need to develop cultural competence and an understanding of veterans. One of the challenges that veterans experience regarding seeking mental health treatment is the thought that “they don’t understand” or that one has to have experienced combat or been in the military before they can work with veterans. On one hand, the thought is understandable; but the reality is, a relatively small number of the community at large has served, and would be able to serve, given the size of the military. Another aspect of this concern…and I’m talking to you, veterans…is that the idea of “I can only talk to another vet” is a reason that veterans sometimes give themselves for not seeking help.

So if we can agree that one must develop a level of understanding about veterans before we work with them, how is that understanding developed? How does a professional or a community member learn about the military, or combat, without actually experiencing it? Movies (documentaries) can help, if you choose them carefully, and books are an excellent resource…but making sure they’re coming from the veteran or service member perspective are key to a deeper understanding.  I’d like to recommend ten books from my own bookshelf that could help.

1 and 2 (The Beginning) If you are starting from scratch, and find yourself working with more veterans that you expected, a great place to do so is with Dave Grossman’s books, On Combat: The Psychology and Physiology of Deadly Conflict in War and Peace  and On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society.  Grossman is a retired Army officer, psychologist, and professor who has done extensive research and interviews with combat veterans to develop a greater understanding of the veteran mindset and the warrior ethos. Both of these books provide a deeper look at the method and motivation of veterans, from the perspective of someone who is both a mental health professional and a veteran.

3 (Vietnam) There are hundreds of books written about the war in Vietnam, but one of my personal favorites is We Were Soldiers Once…and Young: The Battle that Changed the War in Vietnam written by Hal Moore and Joe Galloway. Moore, the commander of the unit that engaged in the Battle of the Ia Drang Valley, the first significant large-scale battle in the war in Vietnam, and Galloway, an embedded reporter that witnessed the battle, provide a boots-on-ground perspective about combat and it’s impact on those who participate in it. The movie, while good, does not do the story justice; there is an entire second half of the book that describes the actions that took place after the battle of LZ X-Ray, of the desperation and heroism that occurred at LZ Albany.  

4 (Operation Desert Storm) Operation Desert Shield and Desert Storm were the names of the U.S. led coalition that was developed in response to the invasion of Kuwait by Saddam Hussein in 1990. Referred by veterans as the “Gulf War,” one of the best accounts of that conflict that I’ve read is Crusade: The Untold Story of the Persian Gulf War by Rick Atkinson. Another reporter, Atkinson conducted extensive research that provides an in-depth look at a short but intense conflict. The Gulf War is often dismissed as the “100 hour war”, but the intensity of those 100 hours, and the constant threat and pressure that veterans of that conflict experienced in the time leading up to and during the war, are admirably described in Atkinson’s account.

4 (Somalia) Another of the significant conflicts in the 90’s occurred during Operation Restore Hope, the US-led coalition to provide humanitarian relief and aid to Somalia. The story of the events called the Battle of Mogadishu are described in the book and movie Black Hawk Down, but an alternative source of understanding for this particular conflict is In The Company of Heroes, by Michael Durant and Steven Hartov. Durant was the U.S. Army Special Operations Blackhawk Pilot who was shot down during the battle, and became a prisoner of war following the crash. Durant and Hartov, again, provide a very real and first-hand account of what it was like, not only during that time, but also provides a level of insight regarding U.S. Special Operations Forces.

5 and 6 (Iraq). Again, choosing from the multitude of books written about the conflict, both from a geo-political perspective and from a first-hand perspective, is somewhat difficult. Two of the books that I have on my shelf happen to be from the on-the-ground perspective: Boots On the Ground: A Month with the 82nd Airborne in the Battle for Iraq by Karl Zinsmeister and In The Company of Soldiers: A Chronicle of Combat in Iraq by Rick Atkinson (who authored the previous selection about the Gulf War, Crusade.) Both of these books follow different units; Zinsmeister was embedded with the 82nd Airborne Division, and Atkinson followed the 101st Airborne Division. Both of these accounts describe the experience of the common soldier in Iraq and provide insight into the beginnings of the war.

7 and 8 (Afghanistan). A member of a particular U.S. Special Operations unit once told me, “if you really want to understand Spec Ops in Afghanistan, you need to read Not a Good Day to Die: The Untold Story of Operation Anaconda by Sean Naylor. I took his advice, and this book certainly provides a look at the early days of the conflict in Afghanistan. Operation Anaconda was the first operation in Afghanistan to involve non-Special Operations forces, with Soldiers from the 10th Mountain Division and 101st Airborne Division, as well as teams developed from across the Special Operations spectrum. Looking at the operation from both the planning and execution perspective, Naylor provides an understanding of what the participants were thinking and feeling in a very real way. Another excellent resource that will help someone understand what it is like on the ground in Afghanistan is Red Platoon: A True Story of American Valor by Clinton Romesha, recipient of the Medal of Honor. Full disclosure, here: I served in the same brigade as Romesha and was in theater at the time of the events recounted in the book. If you’ve never read a book about people you know, it’s a pretty strange feeling. Romesha provides a first-hand account of the events of the Battle of Kamdesh, the attack on Combat Outpost Keating. The book gives readers an unvarnished, unapologetic look at the reality of American service members placed in an untenable situation who responded with unparalleled heroism.

9 and 10 (The Aftermath) The impact of combat on veterans is something that is both complicated and obvious. Two books look at the impact of combat on veterans and their families. Lethal Warriors: When the New Band of Brothers Came Home by David Philipps is a look at what happened in one particular unit and the community to which the soldiers in that unit returned. Again, full disclosure, my brigade, my hometown. What’s more strange than reading about people you know? Reading about places you drive by every day. But Lethal Warriors provides a stark and startling look at the reality of what sustained exposure to combat can do to individuals and what the accumulation of these events can do to a community. Another look at the impact of combat is The Invisible Front: Love and Loss in an Era of Endless War by Yochi Dreazen. Dreazan tells the story of General Mark Graham and his wife Carol, and their two sons: Jeff, who is killed by a roadside bomb in Iraq, and Kevin, who dies by suicide. The stark contrast that the Grahams experienced in the different responses to the deaths of their sons…one being labeled a hero, the other met with silence…provide a narrative about stigma, the response to veteran suicide, and the reality of the impact on both on those that support and care for the veteran.

This is by no means an exhaustive list, or even scratches the surface of the literature that describes what it is like to be a veteran or experience combat. Perhaps you have your favorites; if so, I’d love to hear them. Maybe you disagree with some of my selections, and that’s cool, too; I’d love to hear that as well. If we take the time to learn, to understand, to know, then we can provide greater support for those who have supported us. When we think we’ve learned it all, then we should know that we actually know nothing. 

What books about veterans are on your bookshelf? I’d love to hear them; comment below, or share this on Twitter, tagging me with @ThCounselingVet or Facebook, tagging me with @veteranmentalhealth. Let’s keep the conversation about #veteranmentalhealth going. 
________________________________________________________________________
Duane K. L. France is a combat veteran of Iraq and Afghanistan as well as a counselor working with veterans in Colorado. He is passionate about helping veterans achieve stability and wellness, as well as raising awareness about veteran mental health. Want to join in the conversation? Read more of his insights at www.veteranmentalhealth.com 

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