VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.
Threat Assessment Teams for Institutions of Higher Education: A Review of Key Ideas and Practices for Professional Counselors
Rebecca Bolante and Cass Dykeman
This review of literature provides a comprehensive account of the instigative
factors, history, and evolution of threat assessment teams (TATs) for target-based
violence in institutions of higher education (IHEs). Through examining diverse
approaches to threat assessment, this review investigates the most effective
criteria for creating protocols to identify and manage threats of target-based
violence. The objective is to provide a greater understanding of the precursors
and warning signs to threats of violence, including an understanding of what
psychosocial factors impel students to enact mass murder, so that TATs can
implement preventative strategies to school violence. The generalized findings of
the majority of studies point to the necessity for a multi-disciplinary team
referencing fact-based predictors of violence, yet applying an individualized and
preventative approach to each case of suspected violence.
Keywords: threat assessment teams, school violence, target-based violence