Vistas Online 2016

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.


Examining the Impact of Non-Counseling Supervisors on School Counselor Self-Efficacy

Daniel A. Cinotti and Sarah I. Springer


School counselors rarely receive clinical supervision and are often expected to perform duties that fall outside of the American School Counselor Association’s list of appropriate responsibilities. This can contribute to underutilized clinical skill development, reduced career satisfaction, increased burnout, and, over time, decreased self-efficacy. Despite evidence that a lack of administrative support and understanding are important factors in school counselor functioning, there have been no studies directly relating supervisors’ training backgrounds to counselor self-efficacy. This manuscript discusses the results of a study that examined supervision and its influence on school counselor self-efficacy. Findings suggest a difference between supervision from non-counseling personnel (principal, vice principal, etc.) and those trained as counselors (e.g., Director of School Counseling Services). Advocacy for counseling supervisors and peer supervision, as well as implications for future research, are discussed.

Keywords: school counseling, supervision, self-efficacy, advocacy

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