Vistas Online 2016

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.


Incorporating Leadership Models Into Counseling Supervision: Recommendations to Strengthen Services

Amanda M. Evans, Steven Wright, Patrick Murphy, and Justin Maki


Counseling supervision is considered a fundamental instructional tool for the counseling profession. Despite the existence of supervision guidelines and standards, researchers continue to report that a majority of supervisors (especially administrative and on-site supervisors) lack formalized supervision training, leading to inconsistent and confusing training experiences for counselors-intraining (CIT). It is recommended that the counseling profession examine research-based leadership models (including situational leadership, servant leadership, and transformational leadership) in order to present a competencybased method for providing supervision to CITs. Recommendations for administrative supervisors, on-site supervisors, and counselor educators are included.

Keywords: counseling supervision, leadership models

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