VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.
Traumatic Birth Experiences and Maternal Empowerment: A Rehabilitation Counseling Perspective
Robin Guill Liles and Christan O. Horton
It is predicted that every 4.5 minutes an infant is born with a birth defect, and, on average, 1 in 33 infants are born with some type of birth defect. The rehabilitation literature is replete with studies signifying the importance of adjustment to disability among clients and consumers and their families. Discussions surrounding maternal empowerment, maternal adjustment, and trauma associated with traumatic birth, birth defects, and childhood disability and related clinical implications follow.
Keywords: birth, trauma, empowerment, maternal