VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.
Influence of Stress, Social Support-Seeking, and Trait Resilience on Problem Solving and Avoidance: A Cross-Country Study
This study explored factors that contribute to problem-solving and avoidance strategies. A path model that connects stress to trait resilience, avoidance, social support-seeking, and problem solving was developed and tested in this study. Three hundred forty-three college students (177 recruited in the United States and 166 recruited in China) were involved in this study. In both the U.S. and Chinese samples, stress could predict avoidance, social support-seeking, and trait resilience. In addition, social support-seeking and trait resilience could each predict problem solving. Although social support-seeking and trait resilience indirectly influenced problem solving in both samples, stress directly influenced problem solving in the U.S. sample but not the Chinese sample. When under increased stress, students in both the U.S. and Chinese samples were able to make problem-solving decisions. The difference between these two samples was that U.S. participants' problem solving was influenced by stress (direct effect) as well as social support-seeking and trait resilience (indirect effect) while their Chinese counterparts' problem solving was influenced by social support-seeking and trait resilience (indirect effect). These findings are discussed from a globalization and localization perspective. Practical implications of the findings are also discussed.