Vistas Online 2015

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.


The Relationship Among Sense of Coherence, Coping Strategies, and Interpersonal Patterns: A Cross-Cultural Study

Ming-hui Li


The purpose of the study was to test a path analytic model linking sense of
coherence (SOC), coping strategies (problem-solving, social support-seeking,
avoidance), and interpersonal patterns (anxiety, close, depend) in a sample of 264
U.S. and 254 Chinese college students. Data were analyzed by Structural
Equation Modeling. In both samples, participants who showed higher SOC had
higher levels of social anxiety. SOC also indirectly influenced anxiety through
avoidance. In addition, anxiety could predict close and depend interpersonal
patterns in both samples. Social support-seeking could predict problem-solving
and the interpersonal pattern of close in the U.S. sample. Social support-seeking
could predict problem-solving and the interpersonal pattern of depend in the
Chinese sample. These results showed that although individuals with higher
levels of SOC perceive the world as understandable, manageable, and meaningful,
they tend to be anxious in interpersonal interactions. The results also suggested
that their anxiety can be counterbalanced by avoidance and social supportseeking
coping strategies.

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