Vistas Online 2015

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.


Turner Syndrome: Addressing How Misconceptions Overshadow Opportunities for a “Normal” Life

Ashley A. Clark


Turner syndrome (TS) is a genetic condition found only in females. Responsible for an estimated 10% of all miscarriages and stillbirths, an estimated 99% of pregnancies involving monosomy TS (the most predominant subtype) are terminated, either voluntarily or as a result of medical complications. Despite poor prognosis for live birth, children born with TS have significant potential to develop into normal, happy individuals provided they are raised in a supportive environment. Unfortunately, TS issues are relatively underrepresented in counseling literature. In addition to addressing the medical aspects and prognosis of TS, this article examines the individual, couple, and family considerations necessary for providing competent and ethical practice.

Keywords: Turner syndrome, genetic, family counseling, miscarriage, selfesteem

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