Vistas Online 2014

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.


A Psychodynamic Critique of the Modern Counseling Profession

Russell Fulmer


This paper offers a critique of the field of counseling from a contemporary psychodynamic and classical psychoanalytical perspective. In particular, accreditation guidelines and mandates are examined. A review of the history of counseling reveals psychodynamic persuasions. Classical psychoanalysis serves as a forefather to counseling in the modern age. Contemporary psychodynamic thought provides insight into the system of counseling, motivational influences, and mechanisms of defense employed by the field of counseling

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