VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.
Multiple Sclerosis: Moving Beyond Physical and Neurological Implications Into Family Counseling
Ashley A. Clark, Brandé Flamez, and Javier Cavazos Vela
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, unpredictable central nervous system disorder characterized by an attack against the central nervous system (brain, spinal chord, and optic nerves). Variations in physical, cognitive, and psychological symptoms, including the potential presence of numbness or tingling, memory loss, depression, and even sexual dysfunction, require family counselors to become familiar with the medical aspects of MS, possible symptoms, and the necessary steps for an individual to receive appropriate psychological treatment. An overview of the medical aspects of MS, gender and cultural factors, prognosis, and individual, couple, and family dynamics, as well as treatment considerations of MS, are presented. An illustrative case study is provided.
Keywords: Multiple sclerosis, family dynamics, individual dynamics, illness perception, couples counseling, neurological