VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.
Smoke and Mirrors Screening for the Detection of Adolescent
Benjamin P. Kelch and Angel Rhodes
Substance abuse remains a perennial problem among adolescents in the school setting, yet largely invisible. The typical response to a substance abusing student is expulsion, yet we know that substance abuse follows a six stage continuum from no interest on one end to harmful involvement and physical/psychological dependence at the other end. Data also indicates that identification and early intervention provides the best prognosis for these students. While numerous prevention programs have proven effective, none is 100% effective, and a certain percentage of students will not respond to prevention efforts. Given the fact that substance use disorders are responsive to treatment, identification, screening, intervention, and referral are all within the domain of the school counselor. All four of these areas will be discussed.