VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.
Major Depressive Disorder in Children and Adolescents Etiologies, Course, Gender Differences, and Treatments
Elizabeth S. Turnage, David A. Scott, and Brooke A. Simecka
Within the last decade, research has supported the notion that Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) can occur in children and adolescents as well as in adults. This paper elaborates on the trends of the current literature concerning the etiologies, course, gender differences, and recommended treatment approaches for early onset MDD.