VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.
Analysis of Gender Differences in Self-Statements and Mood Disorders
Robert DeVore and Mary E. Pritchard
Over 25% of adult Americans suffer from a mental disorder each year, with depression and anxiety being some of the most commonly reported issues. Researchers estimate that between 10% and 50% of adult Americans will suffer from a depressive episode at some point in their life, and cognitive theorists argue that mental states, including disorders, are generated and maintained by personal, subjective beliefs, and that events can only be appropriately labeled by the individual experiencing them. Thus, cognitive theorists suggest a strong link between self-talk (ST) and behavior and note that the automatic use of ST is associated with disordered thinking. Researchers further suggest ST may differ between those suffering from anxiety and those suffering from depression. However, studies have yet to examine whether ST in men suffering from depression or anxiety differs from that of women. This study sought to address this gap in the literature; gender differences in the use of anxious ST and a mediation of gender differences by ST were identified.
Keywords: self-talk, depression, anxiety, gender differences