VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.
Integrating Technology Into Multicultural Training: Enhancing Outcomes for Didactic and Experiential Courses
Saundra M. Tomlinson-Clarke and Darren L. Clarke
Both didactic and experiential components have been used in multicultural training with goals of developing counselor cultural competencies. Priester et al. (2008) examined syllabi from introductory master’s level multicultural counseling courses, and found that the majority of course content focused on developing cultural awareness and cultural knowledge. Awareness and knowledge are associated with the cognitive learning domain (Hardy & Laszloffy, 1995). Learning occurring at a cognitive or intellectual level may limit a student’s ability to integrate awareness and knowledge into practice, thereby limiting the acquisition of multicultural skills. Heppner and O’Brien (1994) suggested that cognitive, affective, and behavioral learning domains are most affected by experiential components that are well integrated into the course content. In summarizing a recent review of research examining outcomes of multicultural counselor training, Malott (2010) concluded that a single multicultural course does have a positive impact in developing multicultural competency.