Vistas Online 2011

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.


The Influence of Moral Judgment on Empathy

Yegan Pillay


The concept of empathy is ubiquitous in the counseling literature and is featured in every introductory counseling course. The attention to empathy is in part attributed to the emergence of humanism–following psychoanalysis and behaviorism–and the influence of Carl Rogers who emphasized that empathy is a sufficient and necessary condition for psychological change (Rogers, 1959). Although Carl Rogers is the theorist who is typically credited with the concept empathy, a definition of empathy made its entrée into the psychological nomenclature as early as the 16th and 17th centuries in the writings of theorists such as Smith in Theory of Moral Sentiments, and Spencer in The Principles of Psychology (Davis, 1983).

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