Vistas Online 2011

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.


A Framework of Multifaceted Approaches to Multicultural Training

Ginger L. Dickson and Brett A. Shumway


The importance of developing multicultural competencies has become widely acknowledged within the counseling profession. Although definitions of multicultural competency have varied, the tripartite model of multicultural knowledge, awareness, and skills is commonly accepted in the literature, research, and training standards (Atkinson, 2004; Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Programs [CACREP], 2009; Pieterse, Evans, Risner-Butner, Collins, & Mason, 2009; Sue & Sue, 2008). Training that promotes the development of students’ multicultural knowledge, awareness, and skills is recognized as a core curricular requirement in accredited counselor preparation programs (CACREP, 2009). Moreover, the responsibility of designing training that effectively addresses culture has been referred to as an ethical concern (Parrish & LinderVanBerschot, 2010).

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