VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.
Neurofeedback: A Third Option When Counseling and Medication Are Not Sufficient
Lori A. Russell-Chapin and Theodore J. Chapin
The field of neurobiology and neuropsychology is rapidly growing. Forty years ago, researchers discovered that the brains of mice and cats could be trained with operant conditioning (Doidge, 2007). Neuroscientists now understand that the human brain has the capability to adapt and develop new living neurons by engaging new tasks and challenges throughout our lives (Doidge, 2007; Amen, 2006). This process of neuroplasticity “can result in the wholesale remodeling of neural networks… a brain can rewire itself” (Schwartz & Begley, 2003). Even more exciting is the growing body of research demonstrating that the brain can be taught to self-regulate and become more efficient through neurofeedback (NF), a type of biofeedback for the brain (Demos, 2005). Very few practitioners now doubt that humans are capable of intentionally controlling neural functioning when trained properly (Hirshberg, 2007).