Vistas Online 2011

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.


A New Approach to Distance Counseling Skill Development: Applying a Discrimination Model of Supervision

Laura A. Dawson, Anna M. Harpster, Glenn Hoffman, and Kathleen Phelan


The proliferation of technology assisted distance counseling (TADC) is almost certain to continue expanding and evolving throughout the world. Yet, applicable terminology, ethics, and governance over its use are currently inconsistent and ambiguous. Even with numerous national organizations growing in recognition of TADC within the field, the primary responsibility for providing consistent and clear guidelines of TADC rests on individual professional counselors. To add to the complexity, counselor supervisors are responsible for training supervisees on the professional practice of TADC in order to prepare them for the future. In this article, Bernard’s (1979, 1997) Discrimination Model is applied to the practice of TADC and technology assisted distance counseling supervision (TADCS) in order to aid counselor supervisors in providing flexible and necessary adaptations to developing technological advances. This is especially important due to a current lack of any theoretical model for practice (Rabasca, 2000) with TADC and TADCS.

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