Vistas Online 2011

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.


The Relationship Between Forgiveness and Emotional Well-Being

Arlene Malone, Dixie D. Meyer, Takiya Tarlton, Linda Wasielewski, Patricia Reuben, Christin West, and Veeta Mitchell


This study investigated the relationship between forgiveness, stress, and social support to further examine the correlation between emotional well-being constructs. For the purpose of this study, we assessed forgiveness by measuring revenge motivations and avoidance motivations. Revenge and avoidance motivations have been recognized as two established indicators for forgiveness (Orth, Berking, Walker, Meier, & Znoj, 2008) following an interpersonal transgression; namely, an offense committed against someone where forgiveness may be required. Interpersonal transgressions generally result in negative feelings that precipitate emotional distress (Orcutt, 2006). The researchers in the present study theorized that the decision to forgive would reduce the amount of negative feelings and, thereby, reduce the stress response.

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