VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.
Managing Therapeutic Resistance Resulting From Incompatible Roles
Clifton W. Mitchell and J. Graham Disque
Dual roles are common in mental health work. The implications and pitfalls of dual roles are regularly addressed in the legal and ethical literature (Corey, Corey, & Callanan, 2007; Kaplan, et al.; 2009; Moleski & Kiselica, 2005). Most ethical codes caution against entering into dual roles and provide guidance when they cannot be avoided (American Counseling Association, 2005). Dual roles and relationships most frequently addressed in ethical codes included bartering, social relations, and sexual relations. Some of these dual relationships are unethical as well as illegal and should be avoided; for example, sexual relationships with clients. Other dual roles are potentially harmful and should be avoided or managed carefully with a keen awareness of the potential consequences. Bartering for services and social relationships outside of therapy would fall into this category.