Vistas Online 2009

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.


The Impact of Cyber Bullying: A New Type of Relational Aggression

Jennifer M. Johnson


Cyber bullying is unique to other more traditional forms of bullying because of the perpetrator’s anonymity and ability to harass their victim 24 hours a day. Anonymity inherited in many electronic communications modes not only fosters playful disinhibition but reduces social accountability, making it easier for users to engage in hostile, aggressive acts (Li, 2007). This new technology [also] allows victims to be attacked at anytime, and in any place (David-Ferdon & Hertz, 2007). The invincibility and anonymity of cyber bullies makes it difficult to manage within the school system and opens the door for more youth to take part in this type of behavior.

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