VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.
Everything Counselors and Supervisors Need to Know about Treating Trauma
Lindsay Bicknell-Hentges and John J. Lynch
Dissociation is another common response to exposure to a traumatic event. “Dissociation is a way of organizing information ...(that) refers to a compartmentalization of experience: Elements of the trauma are not integrated into the unitary whole or integrated sense of self” (van der Kolk, van der Hart, & Marmar, 1996, p. 306). The overwhelming nature of trauma interferes with the integration of the event into conscious memory and identity in many children and adults. These individuals may mentally leave their bodies during a traumatic or threatening event, allowing them to observe the event from a distance and limit their immediate distress and pain