Vistas Online 2008

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.


The Effects of Frequent Combat Tours on Military Personnel and their Families: How Counselors Can Help

David L. Fenell and Ruth Ann Fenell


The purpose of this paper is to provide the reader with information concerning the stressors experienced by our nation’s warriors and their families. We will present the Deployment Cycle, a conceptual model describing the developmental phases experienced by military families as they prepare for the inevitable separation and reunion. In our discussion of the Deployment Cycle the important role of the school counselor in responding to the needs of military children will be presented. We will describe the military as a distinct culture and explain how the Cross Cultural Counseling Competencies developed by the American Counseling Association (ACA, 1992) are effective guidelines for use by counselors when providing services to military personnel and their family members. We will discuss specific difficulties experienced by combat veterans and strategies for counseling members of the warrior culture and their families.

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