Vistas Online 2006

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.


Preserving the Role of Counseling in the Age of Biopsychiatry: Critical Reflections on the DSM-IV-TR

Kathryn Z. Douthit


The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and serves as a centrally important tool in dissemination of psychiatry’s understanding of psychological suffering. The DSM, in its most updated version, the DSM, fourth edition, text revision (DSM-IV-TR) (APA, 2000), contains detailed descriptions of nearly 400 mental disorders and is used in mental health settings, by counselors and other mental health professionals, to assign mental disorder diagnoses to clients whose symptoms match specific disorder criteria detailed in the manual. Among this long list of mental disorders are psychological problems commonly encountered by counselors such as depression, anxiety, and addictions.

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