Vistas Online 2006

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.


The Supervisory Relationship: Its Impact on Trainee Personal and Skills Development

Stephanie Horrocks and Marlowe H. Smaby


Supervision is considered a primary method for imparting knowledge to counseling trainees (Holloway, 1992). However, the formal study and development of supervision as a specialty with a distinct set of requisite skills and knowledge gained momentum as recently as the 1980s (Dye & Borders, 1990). According to Bernard and Goodyear (2004), counselor supervision is an intervention in which a more senior member of the profession assists a more junior member of the profession to enhance professional functioning and ensure client welfare. The nature of supervision is evaluative and extends over time.

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