VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.
Examining the Educational Expectations of Latino Children and Their Parents as Predictors of Academic Achievement
Tina Do and Adriean Mancillas
There are numerous factors that influence a child’s capability to achieve academically, and a shared role of parents, school counselors, and teachers is to maximize each child’s unique potential to achieve. In doing so, many variables must be considered in determining how to maximize student performance and achievement. One of the most powerful factors related to school performance is socioeconomic status (SES), which includes the combination of parental income, occupation, and educational level, and has been shown to be a strong predictor of intelligence and academic achievement scores (Gonzalez, 2001). Consistent with these findings, studies have indicated that children from low SES backgrounds tend to experience educational problems, are at risk of long-term academic difficulties, and generally achieve at lower levels compared to children of higher SES backgrounds (Wang, 1993).