Vistas Online 2005

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.


The Use of Metaphor in Counseling Couples

Rebecca L. Withrow


Throughout history, humans in every culture have partnered in some form or another to coordinate the tasks of bearing and rearing children (Kenrick & Trost, 1997), making marriage one of the most common human interactions (Gottman, 1994). Marriage has taken a variety of forms, and fulfilled a variety of needs, from individual and familial to communal. The manifestations of this very common human experience are diverse, and cultures have always maintained and promoted culture-specific norms, expectations, and beliefs about marriage.

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