VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.
Counseling Middle-Aged Women as They Adapt to Important Changes in Their Lives
Lynn C. Howell
In 1990, the model for understanding adult development most often encountered was one created by Erikson in the early 20th century (1997). His comprehensive life-span model was used regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, physical ability, or other possible variations in life experiences (Howell, 2001b. Erikson characterized midlife as involving a psychosocial crisis of “generativity v. selfabsorption and stagnation” (p. 67). Individuals needed to achieve “a widening commitment to take care of the persons, the products, and the ideas one has learned to care for” (p. 67). This occurred in the context of Erikson’s overall goal for human development, individuation.