VISTAS School Counseling

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

The School Counselor's Role With Students At-Risk for Substance Abuse

Natoya H. Haskins


Substance use, abuse, and addiction are amongst the leading causes of adolescent death in the United States (Brannigan, Schackman, Falco, & Millman, 2004; Sussman, Dent, & Galaif, 1997). Various illegal substances are widely used or abused by school age children in the United States (Johnston, O’Malley, Bachman, & Schulenberg, 2010). In 2010, the proportions of 8th, 10th, and 12th graders who reported that they had used an illicit drug in the prior 12 months were 21%, 37%, and 48%, correspondingly (Johnston et al., 2010). Approximately 5% of school age children in the United States qualify for a diagnosis of substance abuse disorder (Tarter, 2002).

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