VISTAS School Counseling

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Utilizing Projective and Circular Questioning with Female Middle and High School Students to Reduce Anxiety

Gerald A. Juhnke, Brenna A. Juhnke, and Walter Y. Hudson


Panic and Generalized Anxiety Disorders are widespread among U.S. female, middle and high school students. Moreover, noxious anxiety symptoms that fail to surpass Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV-TR (DSM-IV-TR) clinical thresholds are prevalent among this population. Projective and Circular Questioning are two easy to implement counseling interventions that help counselors gain further information regarding presenting student anxiety, engender student insight, and promote student cognitive and behavioral changes. These counseling interventions are described below. It should be understood that although these counseling interventions were used with middle and high school females, they could be readily adapted to meet the needs of most students or clients who present with anxiety issues or other mental health concerns.

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