VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.
School Counselors Working with Latino Children and Families Affected by Deportation
Graciela León Orozco and Ulash Thakore-Dunlap
In recent years, working without legal papers in the United States is a serious crime, punishable by incarceration and deportation. Federal immigration authorities have targeted undocumented immigrants in the biggest crackdown in decades (Solis, 2008). “Arrests in worksite cases have jumped from a total of 850 in 2004 to 4,940 last year, including 863 arrests based on criminal charges,” according to U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Secretary Chertoff (as quoted in Bacon, 2008). The widespread raids have led to a large percentage of Latinos worrying a lot (40%) or worrying some (17%) that they themselves, a member of their family, or a close friend will be deported (Pew Hispanic Center, 2008). The persecution of immigrants through tighter border controls, employer sanctions, and mass deportations is the reason behind the separation of thousands of families (Human Rights Watch, 2007). In a report released in Mexico City by the Population, Border and Migrant Affairs Commission of the Mexican Congress, for every three adults deported from the United States, one child is abandoned and left behind. Additionally, that report states that in the first seven months of 2008, the United States deported 90,000 children to Mexico alone and without their parents (La Jornada, as cited by Treviño, 2008).