VISTAS School Counseling

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Examining Emotional Resilience of Adolescent Parenthood and the Role of School Counselors

Valerie McGaha-Garnett, Hannah Tyler, and Alex Alvarez


Adolescent motherhood can be a struggle for many youth who lack healthy social and family involvement. Distress related to academic, personal, and social difficulties may increase the risk of school dropout by more than three times (Bemak, Chung, & Siroskey-Sabdo, 2005). Significant supportive structures for adolescent mothers may contribute to the emotional resilience for youth. Adolescents receive support (informational, emotional, and instrumental) primarily from parents, classmates, and teachers (Hombrados-Mendieta, Gomez-Jacinto, Dominguez-Fuentes, Garcia-Leiva, & Castro-Trave, 2012). Contrary to the increased number of young mothers who are not married or actively dating the child’s father, having the support of the father decreases psychological success and enhances social support (Laghi, Baumgartner, Riccio, Bohr, & Dhayanandhan, 2012). Adolescent mothers with depressed symptoms who receive increased social support are less likely to experience depression (Brown, Harris, Woods, Buman, & Cox, 2012).

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