VISTAS Counselor Professional and Career Development

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Examining Self-Awareness and Perceived Multicultural Competency: Recommendations for Practitioners and Educators

Elliot E. Isom, Amanda M. Evans, and Christopher Burkhalter


The extent to which counselor trainees acquire multicultural competency throughout their training has not yet been determined (Chao, 2012). There exists consistent recommendations in the literature for development of self-awareness among counselors (Fauth & Williams, 2005). The foundation of multicultural competency acquisition is derived in one’s personal self-awareness (Sue, Arredondo, & McDavis, 1992). However, the nature of self-awareness as a construct that informs multicultural competency is absent in the research literature. This study examined the self-reported multicultural competency and self-awareness of 65 counselors-in-training (CITs) using the Multicultural Counseling Inventory (MCI) and Self Conscious Scale Revised (SCS-R). The study results indicated that CITs perceived themselves to possess a greater multicultural competency upon completing a multicultural training course. However, there was no difference in perceived competency based on credit hours completed or practical experience. CITs of color rated their ability to develop relationships with diverse clients higher than White CITs. Regarding selfawareness, CITs who reported dispositions toward self-rumination held a consistent negative correlation across all areas of multicultural competency. Recommendations for educators and future research are included.

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