VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.
The Relationship Between Cultural/Ethnic Identity and Individual Protective Factors of Academic Resilience
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between cultural/ethnic identity and the individual protective factors of academic resilience. A correlational design and multiple regression were utilized to compare students from a convenience sample of two different ethnic groups (African Americans and European Americans) in one high school in Virginia. Students’ ethnic identity scores were compared with their scores of resilience. The relationship between ethnic identity, resilience, and academic success was also examined. Results indicated that a significant positive relationship existed between cultural/ethnic identity and resilience. The study also revealed that a significant positive relationship existed between cultural/ethnic identity and the individual protective factors of resilience (Optimism, Self-efficacy, Interpersonal Sensitivity, and Emotional Control). Findings indicated that resilience predicted grade point average (GPA). The study also found that parents’ educational level was significantly correlated with their children’s GPA. There were no significant differences between Black and White students on measures of ethnic identity, resilience, and negative life events.