VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.
Assessment of Body Image, Appearance Management, and Psychosocial Functioning Among Hispanic Collegiate Females
Ashlea Worrell and Cindy Trevino
In the past few decades, increasing empirical attention has focused on factors related to women’s perception of their own body weight and appearance. Reports of negative body image in women have been empirically linked with a higher incidence of depression (Denniston, Roth, & Gilroy, 1992), heightened anxiety, lowered self-esteem (Thompson & Altabe, 1991), growing demands for plastic surgery (Pruzinsky, 1996), and increased spending for items claiming to guarantee weight loss (Brownell & Rodin, 1994). In addition, a growing body of literature has supported several social variables as mediating a woman’s susceptibility to a negative body image, including internalization of and acculturation to Western media and societal ideals (Brown, Cash, & Mikulka, 1990; Dolan, 1991; Joiner & Kashubeck, 1996; Perez, Voelz, Pettit, & Joiner, 2002). Despite a long history of media and empirical attention to body image and eating behaviors of women, the existing body of professional literature and empirical research devoted to these issues is limited in its ability to generalize beyond adolescent females and young women of Anglo descent and Middle- to Upper-Class social status. Literature examining these issues in other populations has been scarce, with literature related to young women of Hispanic descent being particularly limited.