VISTAS Multicultural Issues in Counseling

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Nurturing Aspirations and Potential Theory of Excellence: Career Development of African-American Boys

Marc A. Grimmett


Nurturing Aspirations and Potential Theory of Excellence (NAP Theory) maintains that excellence is the most essential standard by which to promote the successful career development of African American boys. It is a conceptual benchmark that is overarching and transcendent, consistent across domains (e.g., academic, social, career) and settings (e.g., school, home, work). Excellence is the quality or state of being outstanding and is the opposite of mediocrity. Applied to NAP Theory, outstanding quality or merited distinction is effort based and not ability based.

PDF, 930.38 KB

Join/Renew NOW!