VISTAS Multicultural Issues in Counseling

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Counselors' Multicultural Competencies: Race, Training, Ethnic Identity, and Color-Blind Racial Attitudes

Ruth Chao


Multicultural counseling competence comprises counselors’ knowledge and awareness of various skills with which to serve ethnic minority clients. Such competence is crucial in view of (a) today’s increase in ethnic minority populations, (b) such competence being a key contributing factor to satisfaction among a vast majority of ethnic minority clients, and (c) the principles of such competence being in compliance with ACA ethical guidelines.

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