VISTAS Invited Articles

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

The Next Advancement in Counseling: The Bio-Psycho-Social Model

David M. Kaplan and Sharon L. Coogan


All professions start out with an idea. Medicine began when barbers shaved some customers a little too close and found that the bleeding helped them with physical ailments (which is why a traditional barber’s pole has red swirls). So, too, counseling started out with an idea: talking and/or testing can help people with a variety of issues.

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