VISTAS Invited Articles

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Multicultural Counseling to Empower All Families

Patricia Arredondo


In this article, the Multicultural Counseling Competencies (MCC) (Sue, Arredondo, & McDavis, 1992) and the Dimensions of Personal Identity (DPI) model (Arredondo et al.,1996) are used as paradigms for examining the opportunities and avenues for counseling with all families. These are multidimensional and interdependent paradigms, particularly suitable for discussing diverse family structures, for recognizing a myriad of historical, societal, and political forces that are currently affecting families, and for providing insights for counselors working with challenges introduced by unique families. Ultimately, the MCC (Figure 1) and PDI (Figure 2) will assist the counselor’s facilitation of family empowerment

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