VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.
Treating Trauma: Using Psychodrama in Groups
Tiffany L. Clark and Darcie Davis-Gage
Female victimization is a world-wide phenomenon. One of every three women in the world is either physically or sexually abused sometime during her lifetime (Family Violence Prevention Fund, 2008). On average, 120 women are murdered and 450,000 are assaulted or abused by men every year in Canada alone (Fong, 2007). In the United States, 31% of women are physically or sexually assaulted, and approximately three to ten million kids are exposed to violence within the home every year (Family Violence Prevention Fund, 2008). These experiences are not only numerous but can also be traumatizing to those who endure or witness such violence. It is crucial for counseling professionals to be aware not only of the prevalence of female trauma and knowledgeable about the common experiences traumatized women endure, but also to be on the cuttingedge in regard to successful therapeutic techniques. In regard to victims of trauma, research indicates psychodrama to be a particularly effective treatment option (Dayton, 2005; Hudgins, 1998; Kipper, 1998). The following provides a brief overview on what occurs during a traumatic experience, the theory behind psychodrama, and how psychodrama groups can be used with clients who endure trauma. A case example detailing how to apply these concepts to a trauma survivor group will be included.