VISTAS Counseling Families and Adults

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Suddenly Military: Play-Based Interventions For Deployed National Guard and Reserve Families

Lennis Echterling, Anne Stewart, and Danielle Budash


Deployment, a military fact of life, refers to the assignment of military personnel to temporary, unaccompanied tours of duty. Extended separations, increased workloads, shifting demands, erratic schedules, and combat make deployment a difficult, uncertain, and even harrowing experience for both service members and their families. In particular, the “suddenly military” National Guard and Reserve families find deployment to be especially stressful (Hoshmand & Hoshmand, 2007). These families must deal with an array of new and unexpected concerns, including legal, financial, marital, employment, child rearing, and health care issues as they rapidly transition to a military lifestyle. Moreover, they are often isolated and unable to access support services available to traditional military families (National Military Family Association [NFMA], 2006).

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