VISTAS Counseling Families and Adults

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Post-Adoption Counseling: Clinical Efficacy and Potential Benefits

Paul F. Granello and Barbara A. Mahaffey


Adoption is defined as the social and legal placement of a child or children into a home other than with birth parents (Sharma, McGue, & Benson, 1996a; Sharma, McGue, & Benson, 1996b). Over the last forty years an increasing number of Americans have pursued adoption as a method for fulfilling the desire to have a family life with children (Nickman et al., 2005). Further, International adoptions in the United States have more than doubled between 1991 and 2003 (Mohanty & Newhill, 2006). Yet, despite the increased willingness to adopt, many people are frustrated by an ever increasingly complex adoption process. Fewer healthy Caucasian children available for adoption (Reilly & Platz, 2003; Wright & Flynn, 2006); adoption legal reform (Egbert & LaMont, 2004; Reilly & Platz, 2003); and the growth in acceptance of transracial, transcultural, and international adoptions (Groze, 1996) are some of the issues identified as contributing factors to the increased biological, psychological, and social complexity of adoption.

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