VISTAS Counseling Families and Adults

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Filial Therapy: Culturally Sensitive Intervention for Children and their Parents

Darlene Daneker and Brandy Hunter-Lee


Play is a manifestation of children’s inner thoughts and emotions. It is not meaningless or random. The child creates her own meaning in the mysterious and sacred ways of play. For the child, it is a symbolic expedition into her/his inner sanctum. Children embody themselves, their experiences and other meaningful people in their life during symbolic or dramatic play (Curry, 1988). According to Landreth (2002), the mental health community acknowledges the deeper symbolic meaning in play. In recognition of the therapeutic power of play for children in crisis, and the necessary nature of play for the overall well being of any child, play therapy has become an intervention of choice for young children. (see Ray, Bratton, Rhine, & Jones (2001) for review).

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