VISTAS Counseling Families and Adults

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

A Qualitative Analysis of Adult Learners’ Immersion Experiences to South Africa: Implications for Multicultural Training

Michele Ribeiro


Travel broadens the mind and expands the self. Imagine a pilgrimage to the source of the holiest river in India, the Ganges. The trek involves three days to reach the enormous melting glacier that forms the vast river. Indian and foreign pilgrims that reach the source of the Ganges take the icy plunge into the river to purify themselves, as is indoctrinated by religious belief. This plunge somehow changes them. Similarly, Killian and Hardy (1998) coined the term cultural plunge as dips into a new cultural experience. In their article, the plunge is used as a metaphor describing the experiential component of professional training as a therapist. The experience provides individuals the opportunity to possess minority status and experience the anxiety or discomfort often associated with being an “outsider.” What about the cultural experience causes change for each individual?

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