VISTAS Counselor Education and Supervision

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Balanced Moderation Supervision

David L. Ascher and S. Kent Butler


Supervision is critical to the field of counseling for many reasons, but principally because it is the primary method used to maximize counselor development and competence (Bernard & Goodyear, 2009). “Supervision, as a psychotherapy training method is considered critical by educators, trainers, and professional regulatory bodies to establish an individual's fitness to become a full-fledged member of the profession” (Holloway & Neufeldt, 1995, p. 207). The governing, accrediting, and regulatory bodies of professional counseling have all developed guidelines and standards for the effective and ethical delivery of counseling supervision (American Counseling Association [ACA], 2005; American Psychological Association [APA], 2003; Association for Counselor Education and Supervision [ACES], 1993; Council for Accreditation for Counseling and Related Programs [CACREP], 2009; National Board of Certified Counselors [NBCC], 2005). Thus, while the amount and type of supervision may be debated, the necessity of counselor supervision is undisputed (Brashears, 1995; Weissman, Epstein, & Savage, 1983).

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