VISTAS Counselor Education and Supervision

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Addressing Racial Identity Development in an Introductory School Counseling Course

Barbara L. Flom, Denise Zirkle Brouillard, and Jeanne W. Rothaupt


The call for culturally competent counselors has been both long-standing and broadly disseminated within the counseling profession (Arredondo, 1999; Lewis & Hayes, 1991; Sue, Arredondo, & McDavis, 1992; Sue & Sue, 2008). A number of authors have enumerated cross-cultural professional competencies for counselors intending to practice in general, child/adolescent, and school settings (Arredondo, 1999; HolcombMcCoy, 2004; Liu & Clay, 2002; Sue et al., 1992).

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