VISTAS Counselor Education and Supervision

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Investigating the Effects of Dogmatism on Openness and Empathy in Counselors-in-Training

Grant M. Sasse and J. A. Warren


This study explored the relationships between measured levels of dogmatism, openness, and empathy in master’s-level counselors-in-training enrolled in CACREP-accredited programs. Results suggested that dogmatism is negatively related to openness, and openness and empathy scores are positively correlated. Implications for gatekeeping and counselor education are offered.

Keywords: counselor education, dogmatism, openness, empathy, gatekeeping

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