VISTAS Trauma, Grief, Disaster, and Crisis Counseling

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Are Private Counselors Comfortable Treating Combat-Related Trauma?

Bobbie A. Birdsall, Mary E. Pritchard, Patt Elison-Bowers, Bradley C. Smith, and Amber Klein


Apart from a dissertation study by Bruce (2005), little research has examined counselor preparedness for dealing with war-related trauma. The purpose of this study was to examine counselor’s exposure to trauma patients and their treatment protocols. Based on previous research (e.g., Rosen et al., 2004), we hypothesized that counselors would report experiences with both U.S. veterans and trauma-related symptomology. However, based on initial research by Bruce, we also hypothesized that counselors would feel unprepared to deal with war-related trauma.

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