VISTAS Trauma, Grief, Disaster, and Crisis Counseling

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

The Disaster Survivor’s Hierarchy of Needs: What Every Disaster Mental Health Worker Should Know

Karin Jordan


The Disaster Survivor Hierarchy of Needs is made up of six hierarchical needs: (1) Food, water, and shelter; (2) Safety; (3) Family and friends support; (4) Stress reaction; (5) Grief and loss; (6) Assimilation and accommodation. Disaster mental health workers need to be aware of these needs when working with disaster survivors, as lower level needs must be met before higher level needs can be met.

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