VISTAS Client Characteristics and Needs

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Body Dissatisfaction among Gay Men: A Cultural Phenomenon

Kristin Meany-Walen and Darcie Davis-Gage


As a culture and as individuals, homosexuals have experienced oppression and discrimination for a number of years. In the 1950s, hidden alliances were formed with missions to improve life for gays in America. The societies had to be kept secret in order to protect the lives of its members due to the high risk in exposing one’s sexual orientation. The societies began to gain attention—most often negative attention— because politicians used gay rights issues as part of their campaign (Marcus, 2002).

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